We recently started offering cooking classes in Cincinnati to patients that are in treatment for obesity, and eating disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, bulimarexia, and binge eating disorder. During the classes, participants pick up basic cooking tips for preparing “clean” luscious tasting dishes, dressing, marinades, desserts and soups.
In our most recent class we had a great discussion about pork. We talked about everything from the health benefits of pork to how to find a reputable source for purchasing the healthiest pork. This series of blog articles will provide you with all the information we covered in class!
Categories of Swine
There are two major categories of swine breeds, paternal and maternal. Their offspring result in a mix of different qualities from the boar and the sow, and these are the qualities that farmers are trying to obtain when deciding which pigs to breed together.
Paternal breeds are used for swine that will be raised for slaughter. The paternal breeds have qualities such as meatiness, leanness, and a high growth rate. Breeds include the Duroc, which has sweet meat and marbling that produces amazing shoulders and spare ribs, and the Berkshire, which has tender, juicy meat and a higher fat content, which means that it can withstand higher cooking temperatures or longer cooking times. The Hampshire is another paternal breed that is heavily muscled and lean, as is the Poland China.
Maternal breeds are used as sows due to their nurturing tendencies. Maternal breeds tend to produce more milk, have larger litter sizes, and have a greater mothering ability. The three main maternal breeds are the Yorkshire, Landrace, and Chester White. The Yorkshire is the most recorded type of pig in the U.S. and the Landrace produces, on average, the largest litters of piglets.
Groups of pig breeds:
Lard Types: Poland Chinas, Cheshires, Essex, Mulefoots; have compact bodies, large hams, docile, and a heavier fat layer, although recent breeding has made them more similar to bacon and meat typing
Bacon and Meat Types: Landrace, Yorkshires, Tamworth; longer bodied and legs, trim profile, higher energy, less external fat.
Dual-purpose: Berkshires, Hampshires, Large Black (especially docile because of the large flopped ears), Saddlebacks.
There are demands for each breed by the market. Many hog growers practice cross breeding to get hybrid vigor in offspring. Information about the breeds and producers is available from the American Livestock Breed Conservancy.
Inquire about booking Dr Norton for a speaking engagement
Read About Dr Norton
View video about Dr Norton
Medical Advice Disclaimer: The information included on this site is for educational purposes only. It is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. The reader should always consult his or her healthcare provider to determine the appropriateness of the information for their own situation or if they have any questions regarding a medical condition or treatment plan. Reading the information on this website does not create a physician-patient relationship. This information is not necessarily the position of Dr. J. Renae Norton or The Norton Center for Eating Disorders and Obesity.
©2013, Dr J Renae Norton. This information is intellectual property of Dr J Renae Norton. Reproduction and distribution for educational purposes is permissible. Please credit ‘© 2013, Dr J Renae Norton. http://edpro.wpengine.com’.